Abstract

Cough is a common symptom among children, accounting for many consultations, and affecting the quality of life of both children and their families. Clinically, coughing is described by a forceful expulsion of air from the lungs which is expressed by a characteristic sound. Generally, cough is self-limiting (acute cough) since among healthy children it is most often induced by respiratory tract infections triggered by viral, bacterial, and fungal airway pathogens. In children ≤14 years of age, a cough lasting more than 4 weeks is considered chronic and needs specific management protocols taking account of a systematic validated approach to establish the cause and initiate appropriate treatment.

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Authors

Carla Mastrorilli - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Cristina Serio - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Francesca Bizzoco - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Federico Zuccarino - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Dora Alba Ciccarone - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Francesco La Torre - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Fabio Cardinale - UOC Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Allergy-Pneumology and Immuno-Rheumatology, AOU “Policlinico-Giovanni XXIII”, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

How to Cite
Mastrorilli, C., Serio, C., Bizzoco, F., Zuccarino, F., Ciccarone, D. A., La Torre, F., & Cardinale, F. (2024). Management of cough in children. Italian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 38(2). https://doi.org/10.53151/2531-3916/2024-501
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